Sociological Study of Religion and its Impacts

Sociological Study of Religion and its Impacts

Differences and divisions

Religion-In any society, there are attached to be change and divisions, the basis of which may be several factors functioning at a go. These factors may be racial, cultural, ethnic, or caste divide.

Sociology studies the various aspects of society, keeping individuals as its basic unit of study. It also examines the various social institutions that exercise control over these individuals and affect their behavior patterns.

One of these institutions is the institution of religion. Religion becomes an essential topic of study in sociology and the core topic of various research paper writing.

The researchers have long studied its impact on any society, seeing the influence it has on people. Therefore, this is a topic for which students may require assignment help in Sociology.

The strict definition of religion(Faith)

A strict definition of religion(faith) would establish it as a standard mode of interaction between people of the opposite sex and. Some extra worldly entities previously created propitiate and the latter belief to reciprocate. In simple terms, religion is based on faith, which is a non-empirical entity.

Religion has always had its control over any society in the world. The influence of the Church in all the activities, social, political, or economic dominated in all the activities, social, political, or economic. 

The blind belief

The blind belief in this entity forced a movement in Europe, known as the Renaissance, which enabled a man to think and question every word of the holy Church before accepting it and putting it into action.

Therefore, since the Renaissance, the impact of the Church declined and was only restricted to the religious arena. And when Science got its way in the Victorian era, religion again became a debatable entity.

Europe influenced

As Europe influenced the thinking of major societies in the world, the movements it witnessed were also evident in several parts of the world. India has had its own cultural and religious background since ancient times.

Hinduism was mingled with Islam upon the advent of the Muslim invaders in the country. And then came the British, who brought with them Christianity into the country.

Karl Marx described religion as an instrument of oppression of the lower sections and the minority religions. He says that it is an illusion which eased the pain by using the elements of oppression and exploitation.

Functionalist perspective

The functionalist perspective of society and social change has various definitions for religion. Emile Durkheim describes faith as the worship of society, something that reinforces social norms and values.

On the other hand, Talcott Parsons describes religion as something that reinforces order and stability in society. Research paper writings in Sociology have stated the importance of religion as a driving factor for social change.

An example of this can be the impact of ascetic Protestantism on the origin and development of Capitalism in Western Europe.

Moral dimensions

Religion can widely contrast with Science in various ways. Whereas religion is non-empirical, Science is empirical. Religion has moral dimensions and thus has a similar impact on human beings, whereas Science is amoral. Science is individualistic, while religion is not.

These differences had led to two opposite thought processes about both these entities and a direct contrast and clash.

Though we saw a decline in belief with the rise of Science and developing times, religious revivalism soon got its way out. Religious practices revived once again with intense enthusiasm and excitement.

Religion once again saw the same impact as it had in earlier times. If you look into the South Asian region and see the development of countries, they have formed based on religion, like Pakistan, Turkey, and the like.

In the case of India, religion came as a direct response to colonial rule. It became a binding factor for people, making them pose a united face in front of the colonial power.

The rise in religion was solely because faith earlier was a binding factor and its breakdown led to disorientation among individual identities.

Today, religion is used as a protest ideology and has also been used to protest globalization and urbanization.

Features of religion

Various features of religion characterize it:

  • Scriptures are infallible are the basis of religion. We cannot question these religious scriptures on any basis and what they say is final.
  • Anyone who deviated from the scriptures and the rules was condemned in front of the entire society.
  • Religion has, since time immemorial, had a great impact on the politics and administration of a nation. The direct interference of faith into the matters of State is in stark contrast to the idea of a secular nation.
  • Religion is anti-democratic and totalitarian as opposed to egalitarianism.
  • The technological component of modernization has been widely accepted to keep pace with developing times, but the cognitive component was neglected and not yet accepted.
  • The rising modernism is coming in direct contrast to the religious ideologies. That is giving rise to two sections in society- one who blindly follows religious beliefs and the ones who reject them and allow Science to govern their minds.


Sometimes faith gives rise to communalism. One form of communalism states that people who follow the same faith have common secular interests.

Liberal communalism states that one religion’s secular interests are different from that of another’s. In contrast, the idea of extreme communalism states that the secular interests of different religious communities are incompatible, antagonistic, and hostile to of others.

These three forms of communalism are the three stages of its development in the same order.

Therefore, these were a few points about religion in any state or community that led to its rise and development. Any assignment help on the topic you can take from the above-stated points.


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